Seas

The Indian Ocean: Cradle of Globalization

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NEH 2002 Summer Institute at the University of Pennsylvania

INDIAN OCEAN: CRADLE OF GLOBALIZATION http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/indianocean/index.html

University of Pennsylvania Museum, 33rd and Spruce Streets, Philadelphia, PA
Four Week Schedule, July 8-August 2, 2002





From July 8 to August 2, 2002, the Institute introduced participants to the historical and cultural dynamism of the Indian Ocean and to the place of its littoral populations in world history. Though perhaps not as familiar to American students and educators as the Atlantic or Mediterranean worlds, the Indian Ocean has been one of the most important arenas of commercial and cultural interaction from ancient times to the present. For the many peoples living around its shores, the Ocean provided not only livelihood and a challenge for sailors and seafarers, but also a busy corridor channeling crops, people, and ideas between Asia and the Near East, and Africa. The Indian Ocean’s pearl-divers, pirates, and religious pilgrims provided a rich source of folklore for the oral and written literatures of Arabia, East Africa, and South Asia. Kings and princes from three continents sought to exploit its wealth; imperial expeditions from China, India, and Portugal in early modern times gave way to Dutch, British, and French empire builders in the modern era. And all the while, musical, architectural, and philosophical ideas continued to diffuse throughout the Indian Ocean world, creating countless variations on a shared cultural heritage.

For four weeks, these and other themes with the help of specialists in disciplines ranging from geography and anthropology to religious studies and ethnomusicology have been studied. In addition to hearing from established specialists like Andrew Watson (professsor emeritus of Economics at the University of Toronto) and Edward Alpers (professor of History and African Studies at UCLA), the Institute was joined by innovative young scholars who have been developing new ideas and approaches to the study of world history, currently becoming a staple of college and university curricula throughout the country. The Institute’s co-directors, historian Lee Cassanelli (specialist in Somalia and the Horn of Africa) and anthropologist Brian Spooner (specialist in South Asian and Iranian studies) served as guides throughout the summer, providing commentary and continuity. Both have extensive experience working with high school and college teachers in global studies, and together they have team taught a freshman course on “Globalization” for the University of Pennsylvania’s new pilot curriculum. The co-directors were assisted by co-ordinator Robert Nichols, professor of South Asian and Indian Ocean Studies at the Richard Stockton College of New Jersey, who recently introduced a new Indian Ocean history course at his institution. Finally, participating fellows themselves have played a leading role in developing classroom lectures and modules for their students.


Maritime Regulatory Organizations

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International: 

Comite Maritime International http://www.comitemaritime.org/

            Organization: Independent

            Countries Covered: Varies

            Years Covered: Varies

            General Description: Non-governmental organization dedicated to the unification of maritime law.

 

International Labor Organization http://www.ilo.org/global/lang--en/index.htm

            Organization: United Nations

            Countries Covered: Varies

            Years Covered: Varies

            General Description: A United Nation’s agency that promotes the advancement of working conditions and workers’ rights. 

 

International Maritime Bureau: http://www.icc-ccs.org/main/index.php

            Organization: International Chamber of Commerce

            Countries Covered: Varies

            Years Covered: Varies

            General Description: A division of the International Chamber of Commerce responsible for combating commercial crime, piracy in particular.

 

International Maritime Organization (IMO) http://www.imo.org/ 

            Organization: United Nations

            Countries Covered: Varies

            Years Covered: Varies

            General Description: A division of the United Nations responsible for improving maritime safety and preventing pollution. 

 

International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea: http://www.itlos.org/start2_en.html

            Organization: Independent

            Countries Covered: Varies

            Years Covered: Varies

            General Description: An independent judicial organizes formed by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea to resolve disputes relating to the Law of the Sea.

 

Oceans and Law of the Sea http://www.un.org/Depts/los/index.htm

            Organization: United Nations

            Countries Covered: Varies

            Years Covered: Varies

            General Description: United Nations database relating to the Convention on the Law of the Sea.

Egypt:  

Maritime Transport Sector http://www.mts.gov.eg/

            Organization: Arab Republic of Egypt Ministry of Transport

            Countries Covered: Egypt

            Years Covered: Varies

            General Description: Coordinates and organizes Egyptian maritime government sectors.

Hong Kong:  

Hong Kong Marine Department http://www.mardep.gov.hk/

            Organization: The Government of Hong Kong

            Countries Covered: Hong Kong, China

            Years Covered: Varies

            General Description: The main administrative agency responsible for the operation of the port of Hong Kong.

 

Hong Kong Maritime Industry Council http://www.mic.gov.hk/

            Organization: The Government of Hong Kong

            Countries Covered: Hong Kong, China

            Years Covered: Varies

            General Description: An advisory agency to the government on the development of Hong Kong’s maritime industry.   

 

Hong Kong Maritime Law Association http://www.hkmla.org/

             Organization: Independent

            Countries Covered: Hong Kong, China

            Years Covered: Varies

            General Description: Promotes the discussion of international and local maritime law.  

Malaysia: 

Malaysia Maritime Institute http://www.ikmal.org.my/

            Organization: Malaysia

            Countries Covered: Malaysia

            Years Covered: Varies

           General Description: Promotes the development of the Malaysian maritime industry through conferences, seminars, and publications

  

Maritime Institute of Malaysia http://www.mima.gov.my/

            Organization: Maritime Institute of Malaysia

            Countries Covered: Malaysia

            Years Covered: Varies

            General Description: A research and advisory agency to the Malaysian government relating to Malaysian maritime interests.

 

Ministry of Transport, Malaysia http://www.mot.gov.my/

            Organization: Ministry of Transport, Malaysia

            Countries Covered: Malaysia

            Years Covered: Varies

            General Description: Coordinates all Malaysian transportation sectors including those responsible for maritime pathways.

Panama:  

Panama Canal Authority http://www.pancanal.com/

            Organization: Republic of Panama

            Countries Covered: Panama

            Years Covered: Varies

            General Description: Agency of the Government of Panama responsible for the administration, maintenance, and management of the Panama Canal.

 

Panama Chamber of Shipping http://www.camaramaritima.org.pa/

Organization: Independent

            Countries Covered: Panama

            Years Covered: Varies

            General Description: Member of the Board of Advisors of the Panama Maritime Authority.      

Panama Maritime Authority http://www.amp.gob.pa/

            Organization: Republic of Panama

            Countries Covered: Panama

            Years Covered: Varies

            General Description: State agency with supreme maritime authority responsible for implementing and regulating all Panamanian maritime laws and regulations.

 

Panama Maritime Law Association http://www.apdm.org/

            Organization: Independent

            Countries Covered: Panama

            Years Covered: Varies

            General Description: Non-profit organization that promotes and organizes the discussion of maritime law.