Found 343 results

Global Civil Society 2006/7, Mary Kaldor; Martin Albrow; Helmut Anheier; Marlies Glasius (eds.) , (2007)

Suicide bombings, collateral damage, kidnappings and air strikes pepper the lexicon of twenty-first century politics. Global Civil Society 2006/7 explores the complex relationship between violence, civil society and legitimacy in a unique dialogue that crosses political, cultural and religious boundaries. Is the use of violence by non-state actors ever justified? How is violence transmitted from the private to the public sphere? Why is terror and 'the war on terror' catalysing rather than suppressing violence? Do Western and Islamic traditions of thought offer any solutions? This edition of the Yearbook also includes new research on economic and social rights, the politics of water, and football.

Chapters include:

- Not Even a Tree: Can Violence be Justified in a Global Era? Mary Kaldor and Heba Raouf Ezzat

- Bringing Violence 'Back Home' Jenny Pearce

- Pipe dream or Panacea? Global Civil Society and Economic and Social Rights Marlies Glasius

- War and Peace: the Role of Global Civil Society Mary Kaldor, Denisa Kostovicova, and Yahia Said

- Water: a Global Contestation Willemijn Dicke, Patrick Bond, Fadia Daibes-Murad, Sanjeev Khagram, Alessandro Palmieri, Carlos Vainer, Zoë Wilson and Patricia Wouters

- The Church, the Mosque and Global Civil Society Mark Juergensmeyer

- The Odd Couple: Football and Global Civil Society David Goldblatt

Global Outlaws: Crime, money and power in the Contemporary World, Nordstrom, Carolyn , (2007)

Winner of Society for Economic Anthropology 2008 Book Prize

The book captures the powerful confluence of the extra-legal market globalization and advanced technology and shows how the local is weaved into transnational influences and inter-relationships. The book explores the trade in commodities that shape the illegal and the informal, from blood diamonds and arms through drugs and exotica to staples of life such as food and oil. Nordstrom brings out the values, ethics and morals surrounding the illegal and the informal and illuminates the complexities and contradictions around them. ... (Quote:

Internationalization of graduate and professional programs at the University of Pennsylvania: An opportunity and a challenge, Mazzola, Mary C. , Education, Philadelphia, (2007) Abstract

This dissertation is available from the ScholarlyCommons@Penn.

Legality, information, and the making of the public subject in Africa's human rights capital (The Gambia), Hultin, Ivar Niklas , Anthropology, Philadelphia, (2007) Abstract

This dissertation is available from the ScholarlyCommons@Penn.

Media performance and global policy making: A comparative study of press coverage on global warming, Li, Zhan , Political Science, Philadelphia, (2007) Abstract

This dissertation is available from the ScholarlyCommons@Penn.

On Inaction, Nirmel, Nikhil , (2007) Abstract

This paper is the Honorable Mention, 2007 Marvin and Sybil Weiner Undergraduate Essay Prize in the Humanities, Penn Humanities Forum and Penn Library. (URL: It is available from the ScholarlyCommons@Penn.

Theatre, performance and new media in Africa, Susan Arndt; Eckhard Breitinger; Marek Spitczok von Brisinski , (2007) Abstract
The City as Barracks: Freetown, Monrovia, and the Organization of Violence in Postcolonial African Cities, Danny Hoffman , Cultural Anthropology, Volume 22, Issue 3, p.400-428, (2007) Abstract
The Pharmaceutical Paradox: Helping and Harming the Developing World, Strain, Robert , (2007) Abstract

This work is the First Prize, 2007 Marvin and Sybil Weiner Undergraduate Essay Prize in the Humanities, Penn Humanities Forum and Penn Library (URL: It is available through the ScholarlyCommons@Penn.

Is Human Longevity a Consequence of Cultural Change or Modern Biology?, Caspari, Rachel; Lee, Sang-Hee , American Journal of Physical Anthropology, apr, Volume 129, p.512-517, (2006) Abstract

This article is of interest to globalization studies as the longevity of humans allows for the transmission of ideas through multigenerational interactions. Our unique life history gives us decades to build networks and relationships.

Beyond Japan: The Dynamics of East Asian Regionalism, Katzenstein, Peter J.; Shiraishi, Takashi , 2006///, Ithaca and London, p.344, (2006)

This book argues that East Asia's regional dynamics are no longer the result of a simple extension of any one national model. While Japanese institutional structures and political practices remain critically important, the new East Asia now under construction is more than, and different from, the sum of its various national parts. At the outset of a new century, the interplay of Japanese factors with Chinese, American, and other national influences is producing a distinctively new East Asian region.

Beyond Liberal Democracy: Political Thinking for an East Asian Context, Bell, Daniel , 2006///, Issue Princeton,, Princeton, p.379, (2006)

Is liberal democracy appropriate for East Asia? In this provocative book, Daniel Bell argues for morally legitimate alternatives to Western-style liberal democracy in the region.Beyond Liberal Democracy, which continues the author's influential earlier work, is divided into three parts that correspond to the three main hallmarks of liberal democracy--human rights, democracy, and capitalism. These features have been modified substantially during their transmission to East Asian societies that have been shaped by nonliberal practices and values. Bell points to the dangers of implementing Western-style models and proposes alternative justifications and practices that may be more appropriate for East Asian societies. If human rights, democracy, and capitalism are to take root and produce beneficial outcomes in East Asia, Bell argues, they must be adjusted to contemporary East Asian political and economic realities and to the values of nonliberal East Asian political traditions such as Confucianism and Legalism. Local knowledge is therefore essential for realistic and morally informed contributions to debates on political reform in the region, as well as for mutual learning and enrichment of political theories. Beyond Liberal Democracyis indispensable reading for students and scholars of political theory, Asian studies, and human rights, as well as anyone concerned about China's political and economic future and how Western governments and organizations should engage with China.

Crossing National Borders: Human Migration Issues in Northeast Asia, Akaha, Tsuneo; Vassilieva, Anna , 2006///, p.300, (2006)

International migration and other types of cross-border movement of people are becoming an important part of international relations in Northeast Asia. In this particular study, experts on China, Japan, Korea, Mongolia and Russia examine the political, economic, social and cultural dimensions of the interaction between border-crossing individuals and host communities, highlighting the challenges that face national and local leaders in each country and suggesting needed changes in national and international policies. The authors analyze population trends and migration patterns in each country: Chinese migration to the Russian Far East, Chinese, Koreans, and Russians in Japan, North Koreans in China, and migration issues in South Korea and Mongolia. The book introduces a wealth of empirical material and insight to both international migration studies and Northeast Asian area studies.

Discovering Nature: Globalization and Environmental Culture in China and Taiwan, Weller,Robert P. , 2006///, p. - 198, (2006)

Robert P. Weller's richly documented account describes the extraordinary transformations which have taken place in Chinese and Taiwanese responses to the environment across the twentieth century. Indeed, both places can be said to have ‘discovered’ a new concept of nature. The book focuses on nature tourism, anti-pollution movements, and policy implementation to show how the global spread of western ideas about nature has interacted with Chinese traditions. Inevitably differences of understanding across groups have caused problems in administering environmental reforms. They will have to be resolved if the dynamic transformations of the 1980s are to be maintained in the twenty-first century. In spite of a century of independent political development, a comparison between China and Taiwan reveals surprising similarities, showing how globalization and shared cultural traditions have outweighed political differences in shaping their environments. The book will appeal to a broad readership from scholars of Asia, to environmentalists, and anthropologists.

Emerging Financial Risks in East Asia, Yang, Tu-yong , 2006///, Issue Seoul, Kor, Seoul, p.191, (2006)
Ethnic Nationalism in Korea: Genealogy, Politics, and Legacy, Shin, Gi-Wook , 2006///, Issue Stanford, , Stanford, p.307, (2006)

This book explains the roots, politics, and legacy of Korean ethnic nationalism, which is based on the sense of a shared bloodline and ancestry. Belief in a racially distinct and ethnically homogeneous nation is widely shared on both sides of the Korean peninsula, although some scholars believe it is a myth with little historical basis. Finding both positions problematic and treating identity formation as a social and historical construct that has crucial behavioral consequences, this book examines how such a blood-based notion has become a dominant source of Korean identity, overriding other forms of identity in the modern era. It also looks at how the politics of national identity have played out in various contexts in Korea: semicolonialism, civil war, authoritarian politics, democratization, territorial division, and globalization.

From Tian'anmen to Times Square: Transnational China and the Chinese, Marchetti, Gina , 2006///, Philadelphia, p.352, (2006)

From Tian'anmen to Times Square: Transnational China and the Chinese Diaspora on Global Screens, 1989-1997 explores the important interconnections involving questions of race, ethnicity, gender, and sexuality on world screens by examining a range of films, videos, and digital works associated with global Chinese culture.The ways in which the world has imagined China and the images the Chinese have used to depict themselves have changed dramatically since 1989. The media spotlight placed on Beijing during the spring of 1989 created repercussions that continue to affect how China is seen globally, how it sees itself, and how the Chinese outside the People's Republic see themselves. The films and other texts included in this book represent a range of work by media artists working within China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Singapore, and on transnational co-productions involving those places. The book also features media from other positions within the Chinese diaspora (including Chinese America) and work produced on China by non-Chinese. Highlighting questions of the circulation of images, people, and commodities, the book explores the important interconnections involving questions of race, ethnicity, gender, and sexuality on global screens. Beginning and ending with Tian'anmen and world image culture, a portrait emerges of momentous change and persistent challenges facing media artists and filmmakers working within "Greater China."

Global Pharmaceuticals: Ethics, Markets, Practices, Petryna, Adriana , 2006///, Issue Durham, Durham, p.301, (2006)

In some parts of the world spending on pharmaceuticals is astronomical. In others people do not have access to basic or life-saving drugs. Individuals struggle to afford medications; whole populations are neglected, considered too poor to constitute profitable markets for the development and distribution of necessary drugs. The ethnographies brought together in this timely collection analyze both the dynamics of the burgeoning international pharmaceutical trade and the global inequalities that emerge from and are reinforced by market-driven medicine. They demonstrate that questions about who will be treated and who will not filter through every phase of pharmaceutical production, from preclinical research to human testing, marketing, distribution, prescription, and consumption.
Whether considering how American drug companies seek to create a market for antidepressants in Japan, how Brazil has created a model HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment program, or how the urban poor in Delhi understand and access healthcare, these essays illuminate the roles of corporations, governments, NGOs, and individuals in relation to global pharmaceuticals. Some essays show how individual and communal identities are affected by the marketing and availability of medications. Among these are an exploration of how the pharmaceutical industry shapes popular and expert understandings of mental illness in North America and Great Britain. There is also an examination of the agonizing choices facing Ugandan families trying to finance AIDS treatment. Several essays explore the inner workings of the emerging international pharmaceutical regime. One looks at the expanding quest for clinical research subjects; another at the entwining of science and business interests in the Argentine market for psychotropic medications. By bringing the moral calculations involved in the production and distribution of pharmaceuticals into stark relief, this collection charts urgent new territory for social scientific research.

Globalization, Biosecurity, and the Future of the Life Sciences, National Research Council (U.S.),; National Research Council (U.S.),; Institute of Medicine (U.S.), , 2006///, Issue Washington, p.299, (2006)
Hip-Hop Japan: Rap and the Paths of Cultural Globalization, Condry, Ian , 2006///, Issue Durham, Durham, (2006)

Ian Condry interprets Japan’s vibrant hip-hop scene, explaining how a music and culture that originated halfway around the world is appropriated and remade in Tokyo clubs and recording studios. Illuminating different aspects of Japanese hip-hop, Condry chronicles how self-described “yellow B-Boys” express their devotion to “black culture,” how they combine the figure of the samurai with American rapping techniques and gangsta imagery, and how underground artists compete with pop icons to define “real” Japanese hip-hop. He discusses how rappers manipulate the Japanese language to achieve rhyme and rhythmic flow and how Japan’s female rappers struggle to find a place in a male-dominated genre. Condry pays particular attention to the messages of emcees, considering how their raps take on subjects including Japan’s education system, its sex industry, teenage bullying victims turned schoolyard murderers, and even America’s handling of the war on terror.

Japan, Sport and Society: Tradition and Change in a Globalizing World, Maguire, Joseph A; Nakayama, Masayoshi , 2006///, Issue London, London, (2006)

Evolving for centuries in relative isolation, sport in Japan developed a unique character reflective of Japanese culture and society. In recent decades, Japan's drive towards cultural and economic modernization has consciously incorporated a modernization of its sports cultures. Japan, Sport and Society provides insights into this process, revealing the tensions between continuity and change, tradition and modernity, the local and the global in a culture facing the new economic and political realities of our modern world. The book explores three broad areas of interest:

· sport and modern society in Japan
· current issues in social reconstruction and reproduction through sport
· modernization, globalization and sport in Japan

Providing unprecedented access to new work from Japanese scholars, and raising key questions of globalization and cultural identity, this text represents a fascinating resource for students and researchers of sport and society.

Korean Pop Music: Riding the Wave, Howard, Keith , 2006///, Issue Folkestone, p.250, (2006)

Korean popular music has in the last decade become a significant model for youth culture throughout Asia. Yet, although the Korean music industry is both vibrant and massive, this is the first book-length work devoted to Korean pop music in English. The book offers a comprehensive account written by thirteen scholars of Korean Studies, ethnomusicology and popular culture from Canada, Great Britain, Korea, the Netherlands, New Zealand and the US. It charts Korean pop from the 1930s to the present day, from genres imitative of early twentieth-century European and Japanese styles ('trot' and 'yuhaengga') to contemporary punk clubs, rap bands and music television shows. Consideration is given to South Korean singers who catered for American troops in the aftermath of the Korean War, to acoustic guitar songs and their use in 1970s' student protest movements against military dictatorship, to state propaganda pop, and to the explosion of global styles that marked the 1990s. Lyrics and dance, media packaging and stage costumes, song rooms and singing doctors, highway songs and new folksongs, and the impact of the Internet are all explored. The book also includes extensive discussion of North Korean popular music and chapters on the 'Korea wave' that swept Taiwan and the Chinese mainland at the start of the new millennium.

Millennial Monsters: Japanese Toys and the Global Imagination, Allison, Anne , 2006///, Issue Berkeley, Berkeley, (2006)

From sushi and karaoke to martial arts and technoware, the currency of made-in-Japan cultural goods has skyrocketed in the global marketplace during the past decade. The globalization of Japanese "cool" is led by youth products: video games, manga (comic books), anime (animation), and cute characters that have fostered kid crazes from Hong Kong to Canada. Examining the crossover traffic between Japan and the United States, Millennial Monsters explores the global popularity of Japanese youth goods today while it questions the make-up of the fantasies and the capitalistic conditions of the play involved. Arguing that part of the appeal of such dream worlds is the polymorphous perversity with which they scramble identity and character, the author traces the postindustrial milieux from which such fantasies have arisen in postwar Japan and been popularly received in the United States.

Media and the Chinese Diaspora: Community, Communications and Commerce, Sun, Wanning , 2006///, Issue London, London, p.220, (2006)

This book examines the key role of the media in the Chinese diaspora.
It focuses especially on the media's role in communication, in fostering a sense of community, in defining different kinds of "transnational Chineseness" - overseas Chinese communities are often very different from one country to another - and in showing how media communication is linked to commerce, which is often a key activity of the overseas Chinese.

Migrant Women and Work, Agrawal, Anuja , 2006///, New Delhi, (2006)

This volume studies the patterns and consequences of long-term migration among Asian women, primarily ‘solo migrant women’, who migrate globally as well as across the Asian continent in order to find work. Covering a broad terrain of gender issues, the volume analyzes the changing gender composition of migration streams and the specific conditions under which they migrate, as also compares the different outcomes of male and female migration.